Triplegia Cerebral Palsy - Medical Negligence Compensation Solicitors | MedNeg.com.au
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Triplegia Cerebral Palsy
Triplegia cerebral palsy, sometimes referred to as spastic triplegia affects three limbs of the body. Some people may find this term to be somewhat confusing because there is no one set pattern of bodily involvement. That said, triplegia usually involves one arm and both legs; however, it can involve one leg and both arms.
Triplegia cerebral palsy is sometimes considered a form of hemiplegia with an overlapping diplegia. This is because the majority of the difficulty is with the legs. If the patient is severely impacted on all three limbs, some medical professionals will categorize the condition as quadriplegia, with less involvement of one arm.
Most individuals who suffer with triplegia exhibit symptoms such as tight muscle tone, poor muscle tone and stiff, jerky movements. They may also have a general lack of balance, involuntary movements and a lack of coordination. As is the case with other types of CP, triplegia is non-progressive, meaning it will not worsen with time.
The majority of cases of triplegia cerebral palsy develop as a result of a birth defect that occurs naturally due to one or more of several risk factors in the mother, the father or during the development of the foetus. While most of these cases do not directly involve any wrong doing from health care professionals during the birth process, about ten percent of the cases of triplegia result from some form of birth injury.
Regardless of how triplegia developed, it is vital you provide the best possible care for your child. This involves routine check-ups to monitor symptoms, a variety of diagnostic tests, as well as consultations from several different specialists. The ultimate goal is to design a treatment plan that gives the child the best possible chance of living as normal a life as possible, while teaching them how to be self-sufficient to the best of his or her ability. While the damage is irreversible, some improvement may be achievable depending on the severity of the symptoms.
It is very important the advice of a team of cerebral palsy health care professionals be sought when designing a treatment plan for an individual with triplegia. These professionals will be able to perform a complete evaluation as to the overall condition of the patient, abilities of the patient, as well as conduct an assessment as to what type of therapy would be the most beneficial. Some of the most common types of therapies include speech therapy to improve basic communication and mobility therapy to make better use of, even, limited movement. Therapy may also include instructing the individual how to use assistive devices, such as voice synthesizers and specialized wheel chairs. Other medical treatments, such as operations to repair or restore vision and hearing, bone stabilizing procedures and surgeries to relieve some of the muscle tension may provide benefit. Certain medications may be utilized as well, in an attempt to relax tensed muscles, reduce the effects of tremours and control seizures.
It should be noted that, even with therapy and other forms of medical treatments, individuals suffering with triplegia may not improve or gains may only be very minute. Reasonable goals and expectations should always be set. The most important treatments you can provide for patients with triplegia are physical and emotional support. Proper care and compassion make all the difference for these individuals. Even though communication may be difficult, he or she is able to comprehend their situation and appreciate all the efforts that are made.
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The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here