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HELPLINE: ☎ 1800 633 634

Our hypertension negligence solicitors have offices situated in Adelaide, Brisbane, Canberra, Melbourne, Perth, Darwin, and Sydney.

Hypertention Overview

Hypertension is also called high blood pressure. Blood pressure represents the force against the arterial walls in your body. There are two numbers represented in blood pressure, such as the systolic blood pressure, which is the amount of pressure in the arteries when the heart pumps. The diastolic blood pressure is lower and represents the amount of blood pressure when the heart is at rest. A normal blood pressure is between 100/60 and 140/90. Anything outside of those ranges is considered abnormal. If you have heart disease, kidney disease or a stroke, you are more likely to want your blood pressure to be lower than normal.

The causes of high blood pressure relate to the amount of salt and water in your body and the condition of your kidneys, blood vessels or brain. Certain bodily hormones can control the degree of high blood pressure you have. Increasing age relates to the degree of high blood pressure you have. This is because the blood vessels become stiffer with age and the blood pressure goes up. You have a higher risk of hypertension if you are obese, an African American, are stressed or anxious, have a family history of high blood pressure, eat too much salt, have diabetes or smoke.

Other diseases can contribute to secondary hypertension. These include kidney disease, alcohol abuse, autoimmune diseases, atherosclerosis, coarctation of the aorta, diabetes, cocaine abuse, pheochromocytoma, and certain medications.

Symptoms of hypertension include buzzing in the ears, confusion, headache, fatigue, nosebleed, irregular heartbeat, and visual changes. The biggest problem is that hypertension often has no symptoms, which makes it doubly dangerous. Seeing your doctor for regular visits can prevent complications of the disease. Malignant hypertension is when the blood pressure is very severe and often reveals itself as having a severe headache.

Tests for hypertension include getting a blood pressure reading from your doctor's office. Several readings over time should be done to verify the disease. Doctors will get a history of your recent blood pressures as well as of any previous or related illnesses to hypertension. A urine test will be checked for blood in the urine. A blood test will be done to see your blood values, including kidney function.

An echocardiogram and an electrocardiogram can be done to see what the heart is doing and if it is suffering from the high blood pressure. An ultrasound of the kidneys can be done to see if the kidney looks normal or is diseased.

Treatment is designed to reduce the blood pressure to normal levels and to lower the complication rate. You need to set a goal for what blood pressure reading you should have. Your doctor can use a number of medication types to treat high blood pressure. These include angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, alpha blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs), beta blockers, central agonists, calcium channel blockers, renin inhibitors, diuretics, and vasodilators. You may be asked by your doctor to lose some weight, exercise more, follow a healthier diet and have regular doctor's visits. This is also true if you have pre-hypertension so you don't get full blown hypertension. Sometimes it takes many different drugs to control the blood pressure. Your doctor will experiment with what blood pressure drugs work the best for you. You should take your medications as prescribed.

You should also adhere to a lifestyle change as ordered by your doctor. Some lifestyle changes you need to consider include eating a low salt diet, high in potassium and fiber. You should drink plenty of water and should exercise regularly. You need to quit smoking and decrease the amount of alcohol you drink to one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men. You should try to reduce stress as much as possible and maintain a healthy body weight.

You may need to keep track of your blood pressure at home to makes sure you maintain a healthy blood pressure. Complications of not having a good blood pressure can involve congestive heart failure, stroke, complications of pregnancy, visual loss, peripheral arterial disease, heart disease, heart attack, kidney disease, brain damage, arteriosclerosis, and aortic dissection.

HELPLINE: ☎ 1800 633 634

Medical Negligence Solicitors

Our personal injury solicitors operate a specialist medical negligence compensation service. Our Hypertension solicitors deal with claims using a no win no fee arrangement which means that if you don't win then you don't pay them their professional costs. If you would like legal advice at no cost with no further obligation just complete the contact form or email our lawyers offices or use the helpline and a Hypertension solicitor will review your medical negligence compensation claim and phone you immediately.

HELPLINE: ☎ 1800 633 634

The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here