BRAIN HAEMORRHAGE SOLICITORS - MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE COMPENSATION
HELPLINE: ☎ 1800 633634
If you would like legal advice at no cost about claiming compensation for a brain haemorrhage just use the helpline, complete the contact form or email our solicitors offices and a specialist medical negligence solicitor will telephone you with no further obligation. Following a review of the circumstances of the injury and of the medical records you will be advised whether you have a reasonable claim and if so, what steps you should take to protect your legal right to receive compensation. All of our brain haemorrhage solicitors use no win no fee arrangements to represent their clients which means that if your brain haemorrhage solicitor doesn't achieve settlement then he doesn't get paid his professional costs and the client does not receive a bill for legal costs.
SOLICITORS HELPLINE: ☎ 1800 633634
Brain Haemorrhage Medical Overview
A brain haemorrhage is a condition of the brain that leads to stroke-like symptoms as a result of localized bleeding to the surrounding brain tissues. The bleeding kills cells of the brain that don't like having blood around them. Brain haemorrhages can occur as a result of high blood pressure, trauma to the brain or to arteriovenous malformations-hereditary lesions found in the brain. Other names for brain haemorrhages include intracranial haemorrhages, cerebral haemorrhages or intracerebral haemorrhages. Such bleeding episodes happen about thirteen percent of the time with strokes.
So how does a brain haemorrhage occur? It happens when there is a defect in a blood vessel within the brain so that blood enters the tissue around the brain tissue. Blood around the brain tissue causes swelling of the brain tissue itself and the actual increase in space taken up by the blood results in a lack of space for normal brain tissue, which dies under the pressure. Blood flow to the vital tissues is obstructed, resulting in greater brain damage.
It's important to remember that bleeding can occur within the brain, between the membranes surrounding the brain and between the skull and the outer dura. All of these types of bleeding happen and can cause brain damage as a result.
Bleeding in the brain can be caused by several things including a head trauma, which is the most common reason a brain haemorrhage can occur in patients under the age of 50 years. High blood pressure can weaken the wall of the blood vessel to the point that it ruptures and bleeds. An aneurysm can be an area of weakness of the wall of the vasculature. Aneurysms can be something you are born with and which stay with you through life unless you are lucky enough to have them removed before they leak or rupture.
Amyloid angiopathy is an abnormal blood vessel occurring with age. The result of having multiple amyloid deposits is having many small bleeding spots within the blood vessels. Eventually, a large bleed can occur from within the vessel. Liver disease contributes to an increase in bleeding potential due to a lack of blood vessel clotting factors. Brain tumours can cause intracerebral bleeding. Bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and certain types of sickle cell disease can decrease the platelet count, resulting in excessive brain bleeding.
The symptoms of intracerebral or brain haemorrhage include sudden headache or a headache that happens over time. The headache can be centralized or can occur on one side of the brain or the other, depending on where the bleeding is. Seizures can happen without a previous history of seizures and there can be nausea and vomiting. Some people can have a weakness or numbness in an arm or leg or in one side of the body or another. There can be lethargy or decrease in alertness and changes in vision can occur. You can have speech deficits, difficulty with swallowing, loss of motor skills (large or small motor skills), difficulty reading or writing, loss of balance or coordination and an abnormal sense of taste. Loss of consciousness is common if the bleed is severe.
The treatment of a brain haemorrhage depends on how big the bleed is and on the symptoms you have. The doctor determines the size of the brain bleed by doing a CT scan or MRI scan of the head. This shines up blood in the lungs quite easily, showing the extent of the bleeding in three dimensions. An angiogram can locate the site of bleeding and can tell if there is active bleeding. A lumbar puncture can show if there is blood in the subarachnoid space and blood tests can show what clotting factors are present and what the platelet count is.
Treatment of the bleeding within the brain depends on whether or not the area can be reached by surgery. If it can, surgery is sometimes used to stop the bleeding. Medical treatments of a brain haemorrhage include using medications for pain, corticosteroids for brain swelling, and diuretics to reduce fluid on the body and brain. Anticonvulsant medications help to block the possibility of seizures. Sometimes platelets or clotting factors are replaced in order to stop bleeding.
Brain haemorrhages can be prevented by managing high blood pressure, stopping smoking, avoiding drugs like cocaine, which increases blood and brain pressure, driving safely and wearing a seat belt, wearing a helmet when necessary for riding machines and fixing aneurysms if they exist. If you take Coumadin, a blood thinner, you should try to avoid taking too much as this can cause excessive bleeding on the brain.