HAEMATURIA SOLICITORS - MEDICAL NEGLIGENCE COMPENSATION CLAIM
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Blood in the urine, also called haematuria, can be only visible under the microscope or can be obvious and called "gross haematuria". In gross haematuria, the blood is pink-tinged or red in colour and turns the toilet water red or pink. You need to know that, in women, blood in the urine can actually be coming from the vagina. Men can have a bloody ejaculate that can look like haematuria but is actually coming from the genital tract. Blood in the stool can cause what looks like haematuria. Discolouration of the urine can also be caused by certain medications or by beets or other foods.
Doctors may only be able to see the blood under the microscope but it is no less serious. You should have periodic urinalyses done do check for microscopic haematuria. If the haematuria is gross, you should consider being in the hospital in order to have this condition worked up thoroughly.
The causes of haematuria are many. Often, bloody urine means there is a problem in the urinary tract at some point along its course. You may also have a bleeding disorder that causes haematuria. Common causes of haematuria include kidney or bladder cancer, stones in the kidney or bladder, kidney diseases such as glomerulonephritis. Kidney failure can cause blood in the urine as can an infection of the kidneys. Inflammation of the bladder, urethra, kidney or prostate can cause haematuria. Polycystic kidney disease is a cause of haematuria and any injury to the kidneys or bladder can cause bleeding in the urine. Recent surgery to the urinary tract can result in residual haematuria.
Symptoms of haematuria are usually just having pink or red-tinged urine, which may or may not be painful. There can be pain on urination, bladder pain or spasm or pain in the back, in the flanks where the kidneys are located.
You should seek medical attention whenever you have signs of haematuria. This is especially true if you have pain, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination or urgency of urination. Call your doctor if you have any of these signs, including fever, nausea, vomiting, shaking chills, back pain or side pain. If you find it difficult to urinate or are passing clots, you should seek medical attention.
The doctor will do a physical examination, including an evaluation of your kidneys and urethra. A urinalysis will be done with microscopics to see how much blood is in the urine. The doctor will ask questions about when the onset of the condition occurred and whether or not you have pain with urination. An IVP can be done that can show up the inside of the kidneys and the bladder on x-ray, using a dye study that outlines the urinary tract. In some cases, a cystoscopy is done that shows the lining of the bladder under a microscopic camera that looks for tumours of the bladder.
Other tests for haematuria include an abdominal ultrasound, which can highlight the bladder and the kidneys, a blood test called a FANA, which checks for lupus as a cause of haematuria. Blood tests for the amount of haemoglobin in the blood as well as kidney function studies can be done. Sometimes a CT scan of the abdomen can show the cause of the haematuria and plain x-rays of the kidney can be performed. A strep test can check for strep glomerulonephritis and tests for sickle cell disease can be performed. Urine cultures can show if there is an infection of the urine.
Treatment of haematuria depends on the cause of the disease. If it is a tumour, the tumour is surgically removed. If it is secondary to infection, the infection can be treated with antibiotics. Pain medications are given if the situation is painful.
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Medical Negligence Solicitors
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