Contraceptive Failure - Medical Negligence Lawyers

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Failure to Properly Implant Contraceptive Devices

There are a couple of types of implantable birth control devices. These are devices injected under the skin that release female hormones for the sole purpose of preventing pregnancy.

The implanted device is in the form of a rod that is only the size of a matchstick. The rod contains etonogestrel, which is a type of progesterone. It inhibits ovulation and prevents implantation of the zygote.

The implant is injected as follows. The skin is injected and the provider inserts the small rod just under the skin of the upper arm using a special device that injects the rod through a thick needle. It often takes less than a minute to do the entire procedure and, following the procedure, the individual can feel the rod under the skin but it won't hurt. It will not be visible beneath the skin.

The birth control device lasts up to three years before it needs replacing. Removing the device involves numbing the skin and making a tiny incision just in front of the rod. The rod is then grasped and removed.

These types of birth control techniques have both benefits and drawbacks. The major benefit is its success rate with about 1 out of a thousand women becoming pregnant per year. It involves nothing to do as opposed to shots, the nuva-ring, condoms, patches and pills. You simply have the device replaced every three years and your inability to get pregnant is assured.

When you want to get pregnant again, you are fertile as soon as you remove the rod. It also prevents you from having painful periods, which tend to be lighter in nature.

One of the negative aspects of the implantable birth control device is that it is very costly. There is also a lack of protection against STDs as is seen in condoms, which can protect against HIV and other STDs.

The major side effects of inserting the procedure include having excessive pain, swelling of the affected area and bruising near the insertion site. There can be redness, scarring and infection.

The healthcare provider might insert the rod too deeply under the skin, which can cause numbness and problems later removing the rod. The Nexplanon device lessens this risk.

Additional side effects that can happen while using this device are depression, irregular cycles, weight gain, acne, nausea, abdominal pain, breast pain, vaginitis, back pain and dizziness.

It is the role of the doctor doing such a procedure to do a proper examination to rule out contraindications to the procedure. The patient must have no history or present history of breast cancer and must not be pregnant. Abnormal vaginal bleeding must be identified as to cause and there must be no sensitivity to the rod. Liver disease, liver tumors or history of blood clots must be assessed before inserting the implantable birth control.

Doctors must also caution the patient to beware when using the implantable birth control if they have diabetes, seizures, depression or high cholesterol. Studies have not been done on obese women who might not have the same effectiveness with this birth control method. There are medications that can interfere with this form of birth control so that it won't work as effectively.

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The author of the substantive medical writing on this website is Dr. Christine Traxler MD whose biography can be read here